This information has been taken mainly from The Spanish Female Detective: A study of Petra Delicado and the evolution of a professional sleuth by Tracy Rutledge, M.A.
- Emilia Pardo Bazán can be considered the first Spanish female crime fiction writer. Her short novel, La gota de sangre (The Drop of Blood) was published in 1911.
- Mercé Rodoreda is the author of the first detective novel in Catalan, Crim (Crime) published in 1936.
- Lourdes Ortiz penned the first Spanish female sleuth in her 1979 novel Picadura mortal (Deadly Sting), although not her best book.
- Maria-Antònia Oliver published in 1985 her first novel-length detective story, Estudi en lila (Study in Lilac, Intrigue Press 2001), “bringing her feminist point of view to the genre, she addresses the problems of crimes against women and shows their struggles to go beyond victimization”
- Elements of detective novels can be found in some books by female writers like Carme Riera, Rosa Montero, Isabel Clara Simó, Cristina Fernández Cubas, Adelaida García Morales, Carmen Martín Gaite, and Marina Mayoral, among others.
- Lola Van Guardia, whose real name is Isabel Franc, published Plumas de doble filo (Double-edged Feathers) in 1999, a multifaceted detective novel in which a professional detective as well as a group of amateurs investigate the murder of an important lesbian political leader, Laura Mayo.
- And, last but not least, Alicia Giménez Bartlett, and her Petra Delicado series.
More recently Teresa Solana is, probably the best known Spanish female crime fiction writer. She has two books published in translation by Bitter Lemon Press. It is also worth mentioning Rosa Ribas, Mercedes Castro, Marta Sanz and Cristina Fallarás whose last novel Las niñas perdidas (The Lost Girls) won the Premio L’H Confidencial 2011, the first chapter in Spanish is available in the link above. Unfortunately their books have not been translated into English at this stage.