Category: Carter Dickson

John Dickson Carr (1906-1977)

JohnDicksonCarrJohn Dickson Carr was born on November 30, 1906, in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, the son of Julia Carr and Wooda Nicolas Carr. His father, a lawyer and politician, served in Congress from 1913 to 1915. After four years at the Hill School in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, John Carr attended Haverford College and became editor of the student literary magazine, The Haverfordian. In 1928, he went to France to study at the Sorbonne, but he preferred writing and completed his first books, a historical novel that he destroyed, and Grand Guignol, a Bencolin novella that was soon published in The Haverfordian. Expanded, it became It Walks by Night, published by Harper and Brothers in 1930.

In 1932, Carr married an Englishwoman, Clarice Cleaves, moved to Great Britain, and for about a decade wrote an average of four novels a year. To handle his prolific output, he began to write books under the nonsecret pseudonym of Carter Dickson. In 1939, Carr found another outlet for his work—the radio. He wrote scripts for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), and after the United States government ordered him home in 1941 to register for military service, he wrote radio dramas for the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) program Suspense. Ironically, the government then sent him back to Great Britain, and for the rest of the war he was on the staff of the BBC, writing propaganda pieces and mystery dramas. After the war, Carr worked with Arthur Conan Doyle’s estate to produce the first authorized biography of Sherlock Holmes’s creator.

A lifelong conservative, Carr disliked the postwar Labour government, and in 1948 he moved to Mamaroneck, New York. In 1951, the Tories won the election, and Carr returned to Great Britain. Except for some time spent in Tangiers working with Adrian Doyle on a series of pastiches of Sherlock Holmes, Carr alternated between Great Britain and Mamaroneck for the next thirteen years before moving to Greenville, South Carolina. Suffering from increasing illness, Carr ceased writing novels after 1972, but he contributed a review column to Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine and was recognized as a Grand Master by the Mystery Writers of America in 1963. He died on February 27, 1977, in Greenville. (Source: “John Dickson Carr – Biography” Masterpieces of Fiction, Detective and Mystery Edition Ed. Carl Rollyson., Inc. 2008 10 Mar, 2020

John Dickson Carr also published using the pseudonyms Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson and Roger Fairbairn. Carr’s two major detective characters, Dr. Fell and Sir Henry Merrivale, are superficially quite similar. Both are large, upper-class, eccentric Englishmen somewhere between middle-aged and elderly. Dr. Fell, who is fat and walks only with the aid of two canes, was clearly modeled on the British writer G. K. Chesterton. Henry Merrivale or “H.M.”, on the other hand, although stout and with a majestic “corporation”, is active physically and is feared for his ill-temper and noisy rages. Besides Dr. Fell and Sir Henry Merrivale, Carr mysteries feature two other series detectives: Henri Bencolin and Colonel March. (Source: Wikipedia)


Henri Bencolin Novels: It Walks By Night (1930); Castle Skull (1931); The Lost Gallows (1931); The Waxworks Murder (1932); The Four False Weapons (1937).

Henri Bencolin Short Stories: “The Shadow of the Goat”; “The Fourth Suspect”; “The End of Justice”; and “Murder in Number Four”.

Dr Gideon Fell Novels: Hag’s Nook (1933); The Mad Hatter Mystery (1933); The Eight of Swords (1934); The Blind Barber (1934); Death-Watch (1935); The Hollow Man aka The Three Coffins (1935); The Arabian Nights Murder (1936); To Wake the Dead (1938); The Crooked Hinge (1938); The Black Spectacles aka The Problem of the Green Capsule (1939); The Problem of the Wire Cage (1939); The Man Who Could Not Shudder (1940); The Case of the Constant Suicides (1941); Death Turns the Tables (1941); Till Death Do Us Part (1944); He Who Whispers (1946); The Sleeping Sphinx (1947); Below Suspicion (1949); The Dead Man’s Knock (1958); In Spite of Thunder (1960); The House at Satan’s Elbow (1965); Panic in Box C (1966); and Dark of the Moon (1968).

Dr Gideon Fell Short Stories: Dr. Fell, Detective, and Other Stories (1947); The Men Who Explained Miracles (1963); and Fell and Foul Play (1991).

Other novels as John Dickson Carr: Poison in Jest (1932); The Burning Court (1937); The Emperor’s Snuff-Box (1942); The Bride of Newgate (1950); The Devil in Velvet (1951); The Nine Wrong Answers (1952); Captain Cut-Throat (1955); Patrick Butler for the Defense (1956); Fire, Burn! (1957); Scandal at High Chimneys (1959); The Witch of the Low Tide (1961); The Demoniacs (1962); Most Secret (1964); Papa La-Bas (1968); The Ghosts’ of High Noon (1970); Deadly Hall (1971); and The Hungry Goblin (1972).

Other novels as Carter Dickson: The Bowstring Murders (1934); The Third Bullet (1937); Fatal Descent aka Drop to His Death (with John Rhode, 1939); The Department of Queer Complaints (1940); Fear Is the Same (1956)

Sir Herry Merrivale Novels: The Plague Court Murders (1934); The White Priory Murders (1934); The Red Widow Murders (1935); The Unicorn Murders (1935); The Punch and Judy Murders aka The Magic Lantern Murders (1936); The Ten Teacups (1937); The Judas Window (1938); Death in Five Boxes (1938); The Reader is Warned (1939); And So to Murder (1940); Murder in the Submarine Zone (1940); Seeing is Believing (1941); The Gilded Man (1942); She Died a Lady (1943); He Wouldn’t Kill Patience (1944); The Curse of the Bronze Lamp (1945); My Late Wives (1946); The Skeleton in the Clock (1948); A Graveyard to Let (1949); Night at the Mocking Widow (1950); Behind the Crimson Blind (1952), and The Cavalier’s Cup (1953).

Sir Herry Merrivale Short Stories: Merrivale, March and Murder (1991).

Other works as John Dickson Carr: The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1949); The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes (1954).


(Facsimile Dust Jacket, Morrow Mystery (USA), 1934)

The Plague Court Murders is a mystery novel by the American writer John Dickson Carr, who wrote it under the name of Carter Dickson. The first Sir Henry Merrivale mystery, it is a locked room mystery of the subtype known as an “impossible crime”.

Carr’s career as a published novelist began impressively with It Walk by Night (1930), which introduced the saturnine French investigator, Henri Bencolin. Many of his books about Sir Henry Merrivale – another detective with a flair for solving impossible crimes – equal the Fells novels in terms of quality; a notable example is The Judas Window (1938). The Merrivale books were generally published as by Carter Dickson; he also wrote as Roger Fairbairn. After the Second World War, he turned increasingly to historical mysteries, and his final book, The Hungry Goblin (1972) – sadly not in the same league as his early masterpieces – features Wilkie Collins as a detective. (Martin Edwards, The Story of Classic Crime in 100 Books)

Carr’s great virtues as a writer were fourfold. He is a master creator of plots. He is able to create supernatural atmosphere with uncanny skill. His comic passages are very funny. And he is a good storyteller. (John Dickson Carr – by Michael E. Grost).

John Dickson Carr at gadetection

Further reading: Douglas G. Greene’s John Dickson Carr: The Man Who Explained Miracles (1995) is an excellent biography and critical study of Carr’s writings. It covers all of Carr’s novels and short stories, as well as many of Carr’s radio plays. Greene is especially illuminating about the development of Carr’s story ideas from one work to the next, tracing connections between Carr’s radio plays, and novels, for instance. He also has much to say about Carr’s characters, and their human, social, and emotional attitudes.

Review: She Died a Lady (1943) by Carter Dickson

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This entry is my second contribution to this month Crimes of the Century at Past Offences. This month, the year under examination is #1943.

Penguin Books; Reprint edition (1962). Format: Paperback edition. First published in 1943. ISBN: 5070492. ASIN: B000V66TQW. 224 pages. (Sir Henry Merrivale #14)


The back cover blurb reads: A suicide pact was just the sort of notion that would appeal to Rita Wainwright. Her notorious love affair with the young American actor, Barry Sullivan, was flamboyant enough to warrant a dramatic ending, so when the two of them vanished over a cliff one rainy night, leaving only a farewell note for Rita’s husband and a pair of footprints to the edge, no one doubted that it was suicide. No one, that is, but Doctor Luke, Rita’s old family doctor and one of the few people in the seaside village of Lyncombe who genuinely liked her. When amateur detective Sir Henry Merrivale, who is in the district having his portrait done by a local artist, agrees to investigate, the questions start piling up. But what of it? Are the doctor’s doubts without merit, or was there a more sinister plot at play? It takes the blustering, rampaging H. M. to solve this baffling mystery.

My take: She Died a Lady, a mystery novel by American writer John Dickson Carr (1906–1977), was published under the name of Carter Dickson and is the fourteenth book in the series featuring the amateur sleuth Sir Henry Merrivale, or HM as he is usually known. Although being a traditional Golden Age mystery, it has some features making it particularly interesting. On the one hand the story is told in the first person by Dr Luke, a retired rural doctor of whose practice, his son Dr Tom, is now in charge. The action unfolds in England during the summer of 1940, shortly after the first air raids to the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany. Plot wise, it revolves around establishing whether the death of two lovers was the result of a suicide pact by mutual agreement or, as some evidences may suggest, both were murdered. Besides, although the facts take place in the open air, we can certainly describe this story as a locked-room mystery or, as I rather prefer to call it, an impossible murder. Finally, Henry Merrivale’s role takes a second place in the story. But at this point I would rather say no more about it, since I don’t want to spoil the pleasure of those who have not yet read this book. 

Consequently, it shouldn’t come as a surprise to find out I’ve very much enjoyed this book. a real gem in my view that has been kept largely unknown. An excellent example of a wonderful Golden Age mystery, with a perfectly crafted plot. The main accent is placed, mainly, on how was it done, instead of whodunit. And its solution is absolutely brilliant, in the sense that it is the only one that provides a satisfactory answer to all the questions raised. Besides, all the clues are in plain sight for everyone to see them and it certainly follows the rules of ‘fair play’. Highly recommended.

My rating: A (I loved it)

About the author: Carter Dickson was a pen name of John Dickson Carr. John Dickson Carr (1906 – 1977) was an American author of detective stories, who also published under the pen names Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson and Roger Fairbairn. Carr is generally regarded as the ‘King of The Locked Room Mystery’ and as one of the greatest writers of the “Golden Age” of detective fiction. In his novels the puzzle is always the central focus. He was influenced by the works of Gaston Leroux and the Father Brown stories of G. K. Chesterton. He was a true master of the locked room mystery, in which a detective solves apparently impossible crimes. The Dr. Fell mystery, The Hollow Man (1935), is usually considered to be Carr’s masterpiece. It was selected in 1981 as the best locked-room mystery of all time by a panel of 17 mystery authors and reviewers brought together by Edward D. Hoch. He was also a pioneer of the historical mystery. A resident of England for a number of years, Carr is often grouped among the “British-style” mystery writers. Most  of his novels had English settings, especially country villages and estates, and English characters. His two best-known fictional detectives were also English. In the Carter Dickson series, Sir Henry Merrivale is the man who solves the impossible crimes.  There can be little doubt that Carr was, and still remains the single most important author in the Locked Room and Impossible Crime sub-genre! (Source: Edited from Wikipedia John Dickson Carr). Carr wrote 46 novels, under his own name, and another 26 under the pen name Carter Dickson – plus over 100 short stories, plays, radio plays, and non-fiction, under both names.

She Died a Lady has been reviewed at A Penguin a week, In Search of the Classic Mystery Novel, The Reader is Warned, ahsweetmysteryblog, Beneath the Stains of Time, The Green Capsule,

Books by Carter Dickson

The John Dickson Carr Collector

John Dickson Carr

Sir Henry Merrivale 

Murió como una dama de Carter Dikson

La propaganda de la contraportada dice: Un suicidio pactado era la clase de idea que podría atraer a Rita Wainwright. Su célebre historia de amor con el joven actor estadounidense Barry Sullivan fue lo suficientemente llamativa como para garantizar un dramático final, por tanto cuando ambos desaparecieron sobre un  acantilado una noche lluviosa, dejando tra ellos únicamente una nota de despedida para el marido de Rita y un rastro de pisadas hasta el borde, nadie dudó que se trataba de un suicidio. Nadie, es decir, excepto  el doctor Luke, el viejo médico de familia de Rita y una de las pocas personas en el pueblo costero de Lyncombe, que realmente quería a la joven. Cuando el detective aficionado Sir Henry Merrivale, que se encuentra en la zona para que un artista local le haga un retrato, acepta encargarse de la investigación, las incógnitas comiezan a amontonarse. ¿Pero por qué? ¿Acaso no tienen fundamento las dudas del médico, o había quizá un plan más siniestro en juego? Lo que requiere del fanfarrón Henry Merrivale para poder solucionar este desconcertante misterio.

My opinión: Murió como una dama, una novela de misterio del escritor estadounidense John Dickson Carr (1906-1977), fue publicada bajo el nombre de Carter Dickson y es la decimocuarta novela de la serie protagonizada por el detective aficionado Sir Henry Merrivale o HM, como es generalmente conocido. A pesar de ser un misterio tradicional de la Edad de Oro, tiene algunas características que lo hacen particularmente interesante. Por un lado la historia está  contada en primera persona por el Dr. Luke, un médico rural jubilado de cuya práctica, su hijo el Dr. Tom, ahora está a cargo. La acción se desarrolla en Inglaterra durante el verano de 1940, poco después de los primeros ataques aéreos al Reino Unido por la Alemania nazi. En cuanto al argumento, se trata de determinar si la muerte de dos amantes fue el resultado de un pacto suicida de mutuo acuerdo o, como algunas evidencias pueden sugerir, ambos fueron asesinados. Además, aunque los hechos ocurren al aire libre, podemos describir esta historia como un misterio de cuarto cerrado o, como yo prefiero llamarlo,  un asesinato imposible. Finalmente, el papel de Henry Merrivale ocupa un segundo lugar en la historia. Pero en este punto prefiero no decir nada más, ya que no quiero estropear el placer de aquellos que aún no hayan leído este libro.

En consecuencia, no debería ser una sorpresa descubrir que he disfrutado mucho este libro. Una verdadera joya en mi opinión que se ha mantenido en gran medida desconocida. Un excelente ejemplo de un maravilloso misterio de la Edad de Oro, con una trama perfectamente elaborada. El acento principal se coloca, principalmente, en cómo se hizo, en lugar de en quién lo hizo. Y su solución es absolutamente brillante, en el sentido de que es la única que proporciona una respuesta satisfactoria a todas las preguntas planteadas. Además, todas las pistas están a la vista de todo el mundo para verlas y sin duda sigue las reglas del ‘juego limpio’. Muy recomendable.

Mi valoración: A (Me encantó)

Sobre el Autor: John Dickson Carr (1906 – 1977) fue un prolífico escritor estadounidense de historias de detectives. A lo largo de su carrera utilizó los pseudónimos de Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson, y Roger Fairbairn, además de su propio nombre. Se le incluye habitualmente entre los mejores escritores de la llamada “época dorada” de la novela de misterio. Era un maestro del misterio de habitación cerrada. La mayor parte de sus novelas y relatos giran en torno al esclarecimiento, por un excéntrico detective, de crímenes aparentemente imposibles en los que parece haber intervenido algún tipo de fenómeno sobrenatural. En la década de 1930, se trasladó a Inglaterra, donde se casó con una inglesa. Comenzó su carrera escribiendo misterio allí, regresando a los Estados Unidos como un autor de fama internacional en 1948. Fue influido por las obras de Gastón Leroux y las historias del Padre Brown de G. K. Chesterton. Carr se inspiró en este último para crear su más genial detective, el orondo lexicógrafo Dr. Gideon Fell. En 1950, su biografía de Sir Arthur Conan Doyle le valió el primero de sus dos Premios Edgar otorgado por la Asociaón Americana de escritores de misterio, segundo le llegó en 1970 en reconocimiento a sus 40 años de carrera como escritor de misterio. Fue candidato también al premio Grand Master de la mencionada asoaciación en el 963. Varias de sus obras han sido utilizadas en películas y series de televisión.

Murió como una dama fue editado por Espasa-Calpe. Austral nº 757. Buenos Aires 1947. Rústica con sobrecubierta. 211 pp. (Tengo entendido que existen disponibles ejemplares de segunda mano)

Review: The Curse of the Bronze Lamp (1945) by John Dickson Carr, as Carter Dickson

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Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1997. First published in the US in 1945 by William Morrow and Company, Inc. Format: Paperback. ISBN-10: 0786704403. Pages: 192

I submit this post, to participate at Crimes of the Century, on Rich Westwood’s Past Offences. This month, the year under review is #1945. Pay a visit to Past Offences blog to read the suggestions of other participants.

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Although published in 1945, the story unfolds between the years 1934-35. In those days, the world had the attention set on a valley called Bibân-el Mulûk, on the west bank of the Nile. There, a small group of British archaeologists, headed by Professor Gilray and the Earl of Severn, had discovered the mummy of Herihor, high priest of Amon, who had ruled as king of Egypt at the end of the Twentieth Dynasty. Among the members of the expedition was Lord Severn’s daughter, Lady Helen Loring. Professor Gilrey, the first person to enter the tomb, died toward the end of the second year, as a result of a scorpion sting. Consequently, all kind of rumours began spreading about a curse that would affect all participants in the excavations. These rumours reached their peak after an incident in which Helen Loring was involved when returning to England with a bronze lamp that she had received as a present in recognition to her participation in the discovery. The incident, in the presence of Sir Henry Merrivale, was caused by one Alim Bey who accused her of desecrating the tomb. And, when Helen confronted him, Alim Bey assured her that before she could place the bronze lamp on the mantelpiece at her home in Severn Hall, she would become dust as though she never existed. A few days later, the curse is fulfilled. Lady Helen Loring vanishes without a trace as soon as she enters her home. Undoubtedly, the case is tailor made for Sir Henry Merrivale.

The Curse of the Bronze Lamp (also published as Lord of the Sorcerers) is a mystery, in a certain sense quite naive, but highly enjoyable. It was fun reading it. The puzzle is well crafted, although the behaviour of some characters might be hard to believe. It has helped me, in particular, to understand better the difference between a locked-room mystery and an impossible crime. In a sense all locked-room mysteries are impossible crimes, but not all impossible crimes are locked-room mysteries. And this is clearly an impossible crime, though not necessarily a locked-room mystery. Maybe it is just a pastime but it is a very pleasant pastime. Although it is not the first novel by John Dickson Carr that I’ve read, this has been my first encounter with Sir Henry Merrivale, however I’m quite sure that it won’t be the last.

My rating: B (I really liked it)

John Dickson Carr was a writer in the “Golden Age” of mysteries, and he was one of the best. In his books you will not find child molesters, serial killers with a taste for liver, or melancholy P.I.’s filled with two slugs of bourbon. Rather, you will find mysteries that are cleverly crafted and that above all else adhere to the rules of ‘fair play’. Carr was a stickler for playing fair with the reader; There are no secret passages, unknown poisons, or last-chapter appearances by unknown characters. All of the clues needed to solve the mystery are presented and with keen observation and perseverance the reader has every chance of doing so.

Though Carr was an American most of his books (especially the early ones) were set in England. He moved to England with his wife (her native country) in 1933 and they lived there for a number of  years before moving back permanently to the states in 1965. While living in England in the 1930’s Carr was invited to join the London Detection Club. Some of its members included Anthony Berkeley, Margery Allingham, G.K. Chesterton, E.C. Bentley, Dorothy L. Sayers, John Rhode, and Agatha Christie. Carr was one of only two Americans to have been a member. Carr was awarded an Edgar in 1950 by the Mystery writers of America for his Conan Doyle biography. He was also awarded the highest honour by the MWA in 1970; the title of Grand Master.

Carr wrote twenty-two novels in which  Sir Henry Merrivale handled the detective duties. The first, The Plague Court Murders, was published in 1934.  Twenty years later HM solved his last case in The Cavalier’s Cup. (Source: The John Dickson Carr Collector)

The Curse of the Bronze Lamp has been reviewed at Classic Mystery Hunt, My Reader’s Blog, and In Search of the Classic Mystery Novel among others. 

Books by Carter Dickson

The John Dickson Carr Collector 

John Dickson Carr

Sir Henry Merrivale

La maldición de la lámpara de bronce (1945), de John Dickson Carr, como Carter Dickson

Aunque publicada en 1945, la historia se desarrolla entre los años 1934-35. En aquellos días, el mundo tenía su atención puesta en un valle llamado Biban-el muluk, en la orilla oeste del Nilo. Allí, un pequeño grupo de arqueólogos británicos, dirigido por el profesor Gilray y el Earl of Severn, había descubierto la momia de Herihor, sumo sacerdote de Amón, que había gobernado como rey de Egipto a finales de la vigésima dinastía. Entre los miembros de la expedición se encontraba la hija de Lord Severn, lady Helen Loring. El profesor Gillery, la primera persona en entrar en la tumba, murió hacia el final del segundo año, como resultado de una picadura de escorpión. En consecuencia, todo tipo de rumores comenzó a extenderse sobre una maldición que afectaría a todos los participantes en las excavaciones. Estos rumores llegaron a su punto máximo después de un incidente en el que Helen Loring estuvo implicada al volver a Inglaterra con una lámpara de bronce que había recibido como regalo en reconocimiento a su participación en el descubrimiento. El incidente, en presencia de Sir Henry Merrivale, fue causado por un tal Alim Bey que le acusó a ella de profanar la tumba. Y, cuando Helen se enfrentó a él, Alim Bey le aseguró que antes de que pudiera colocar la lámpara de bronce en la repisa de la chimenea en su casa de Severn Hall, se convertiría en polvo como si nunca hubiese existido. Unos días más tarde, se cumple la maldición. Lady Helen Loring desaparece sin dejar rastro, tan pronto como entra en su casa. Sin lugar a dudas, el caso está hecho a medida para Sir Henry Merrivale.

La maldición de la lámpara de bronce es un misterio, en cierto modo bastante ingenuo, pero muy agradable. Fue divertido leerlo. El rompecabezas está bien construido, aunque el comportamiento de algunos personajes puede resultar difícil de creer. Me ha ayudado, en particular, para entender mejor la diferencia entre un misterio de habitación cerrada y un delito imposible. En cierto sentio, todos los misterios de habitación cerrada son crímenes imposibles, pero no todos los crímenes imposibles son misterios de habitación cerrada. Y este es claramente un delito imposible, aunque no necesariamente un misterio de habitación cerrada. Tal vez es sólo un pasatiempo, pero es un pasatiempo muy entretenido. A pesar de que no es la primera novela de John Dickson Carr que he leído, este ha sido mi primer encuentro con Sir Henry Merrivale, no obstante estoy bastante seguro de que no será el último.

Mi valoración: B (Me gustó mucho)

John Dickson Carr fue un escritor de la “Edad de Oro” del misterio, y fue uno de los mejores. En sus libros no encontrará pederastas, asesinos en serie con cierto gusto por el hígado o detectives privados que curan su melancolía con dos tragos de bourbon. Al contrario, nos encontraremos misterios diseñados com precisón y que por encima de todo se ciñen a las reglas del “juego limpio”. Carr era un purista del juego limpio con el lector; No hay pasajes secretos, venenos desconocidos, o apariciones de personajes desconocidos en el último capítulo. Nos ofrece todas las claves necesarias para resolver el misterio y mediante una atención cuidadosa y perseverante el lector tiene todas las posibilidades para conseguirlo.

Aunque Carr era un americano la mayoría de sus libros (sobre todo los primeros) se desarrollan en Inglaterra. Se trasladó a Inglaterra con su esposa (su país natal) en 1933 y vivieron allí durante varios años antes de regresar permanentemente a los Estados Unidos en 1965. Mientras vivía en Inglaterra en la década de 1930 Carr fue invitado a formar parte del Detection Club de Londres. Entre sus miembros se encuentran Anthony Berkeley, Margery Allingham, G.K. Chesterton, E. C. Bentley, Dorothy L. Sayers, John Rhode, y Agatha Christie. Carr fue uno de los dos únicos estadounidenses que han sido miembros. Carr fue galardonado con el Premio Edgar de 1950 por los escritores de misterio de América por su biografía Conan Doyle. También fue galardonado con el más alto honor por los escritores norteamericanos de misterio en el 1970; con el título de Gran Maestro.

Carr escribió veintidós novelas en las que Sir Henry Merrivale desempeña funciones policíacas. La primera, The Plague Court Murders, se publicó en 1934. Veinte años más tarde HM resuelve su último caso en The Cavalier’s Cup. (Fuente: The John Dickson Carr Collector)